The Exploding Pinwheel

June 13, 2019

The dog training objective in this exercise is to teach the dog to take ownership of the pinwheel, as though it were a single obstacle with multiple elements, rather like the weave poles. The exercise, and the diligent practice of doing the exercise, has several other benefits:

  • The dog will adopt a powerful obstacle focus for jumps and hurdles;
  • Teach and reinforce a powerful directional command: “Go On!”
  • The dog will learn to work independently at a distance from his handler;
  • The pinwheel becomes an element in competition that allows the handler to gain advantage in field position.

“Exploding” pinwheel possibly conjures an image of wings and jump bars flying everywhere as if blown up dynamite. Just to settle down the imagery… exploding means in this context that the pinwheel gradually expands away from a center position.

The Basic Set


We begin with a pinwheel drawn tight and close together. When making this introduction the bars must be kept very low so that it is safe for the big and fast dogs. As in all progressive exercises the steps should be small and incremental to ensure that the dog continues to succeed.

The handler will work the dog out in a clockwise direction, then stop to praise and reward the dog, and then resume in the anti-clockwise direction and then again praise and reward the dog.

As a basic objective is to teach the “Go On!” directional, the dog trainer should give that verbal cue to keep working. Rather than saying “jump – jump – jump – jump”… after the initial command to jump simply to tell the dog “Go on! Go On!”

The dog being unsuccessful in a training exercise is as important to our training method as is the dog being successful. When the dog is successful, he gets praise and reward. When the dog does not succeed, he is denied both praise and reward. We rely on the cleverness of the dog to sort out what he must do when the handler says a certain word, and holds his body thusly, to earn that reward.



As the pinwheel explodes to a greater extent the focus of the handler becomes more important. For the purpose of this discussion the handler’s focus is indicated by what is he looking at, what he is pointing at, what he is facing. The focus of the handler must agree with the focus of the dog.

The extent to which the pinwheel gets bigger depends on success. If the dog “gets it”… next time you make it a bit bigger.

Not every session will be perfect. That is the nature of dog training.

Though While the basic four-sided pinwheel was the training vehicle, the performance skills learned by the dog apply to jumping sequences with more jumps, occupying considerably more real estate. A basic objective from the beginning was to teach the dog to seek out jumps and get over them without requiring the handler to run in and micro-manage the simple performance of each jump.


A proofing exercise, as in the video above, gives important closure to the introduction of the exercise. Be very clear though, that this is a skill that needs refreshment and reinforcement over time.


The proofing exercise was conducted on our NDAL league course in May, 2019. All of our league courses suggest opportunities for very basic training objectives.

Note that I do this training with young dogs. I am convinced that training in the first year of a dog’s life cements the dog’s understanding of performance and behavior.

I have in my library a hundred or more recordings of dogs training with this exercise. I started doing this training and developing methodology roughly 20 years ago with my old boy Bogie. I really miss my boy and appreciate everything that he taught me.

The recordings selected here are intended to provide a concise overview of the methodology.

Something Fun

Phoenix Chasing Kory 1.wmv


Playful Pinwheels ~ Thinking Outside the Box

Editor’s Note:

I want to share with you something I wrote more than ten years ago. I wrote this before I was afflicted with arthritis. You’ll note a bit of disdain for moving “badly” as though it were a matter of sloth, rather than a physical limitation. In any case, it should be a good read for you who will play the game at a full run.  

While it’s true that I practice an “own the pinwheel” kind of training with my dogs, when push comes to shove I will reserve moving badly for some class that absolutely demands it. Think Gamblers, for example. In routine course work however I will endeavor to move in a way that inspires the dog and ensures that he is well directed.

I’ve written a great deal about pinwheels over the years. There’s something about a pinwheel that inspires the handler to move like an old musty stump in the middle of a swamp. Moving badly is good training… but it is not good handling.

The conundrum is ever that the dog’s path is this big robust thing while the handler’s path is more diminutive and restrained. Even a slow handler can outrun a fast dog in a pinwheel. The real painful match is when a handler is working a dog of moderate speed and handler is so completely defined by the inner limits of the pinwheel that the dog gets no sense of excitement or electricity at all from the handler. Just between you and me and the wall, if your dog isn’t one of those ballistic self starting everything-at-top-speed kind of dogs, then handling him as if he were is an error.

Blind Cross as a Pinwheel Movement


The trick in a pinwheel is to find a way to move. That means more real estate. Frankly there’s only so much real estate inside the pinwheel. But if I think outside the box, there’s plenty of new real estate for handler movement. In this first playful attack on the pinwheel I have the handler step outside the box in the transition between jumps #4 and #5 using a Blind Cross to race the dog to the outside. The transition and the moment of the Blind Cross are indicated in this illustration by the red colored paths for dog and handler.

Tandem Turn as a Pinwheel Movement


Another important skill in a pinwheel is the Tandem Turn. The Tandem is a cross behind the dog on the dismount of an obstacle or on the flat.

To play with this the handler will approach jumps #2 and #3 with dog on right, crossing behind the dog into the Tandem on the landing side of jump #3. Note that if the handler intends a Tandem Turn then he should endeavor to arrive at the jump at the same instant of the dog. The Tandem tends to create a wide sweeping turn in the dog’s path and accelerates the dog’s movement. These are perfect attributes for a pinwheel. Though you might get into a bit of trouble with it if you have an Afghan Hound or a leggy Border Collie.

Using All of Our Pinwheel Tools


Both tools, the Blind Cross and the Tandem Turn can be applied to the same pinwheel. In this illustration the handler executes the Blind Cross in the transition from jump #3 to jump #4 and then promptly uses a Tandem Turn to step back into the box after jump #4. The Blind Cross is indicated by the red paths for dog and handler; the Tandem Turn is indicated by the green paths for dog and handler.

This is an interesting handling choice that requires a speed change. The handler begins with slow dog handling (forward and pulling) into the Blind Cross; and then abruptly transitions to fast dog handling (behind and pushing).

Note that in the conduct of the Tandem Turn the handler actually wants to arrive at the jump at the same instant as the dog. We might argue that a Front Cross would be better than a Blind Cross because the Blind Cross is a racing movement and might make the handler arrive at the jump prematurely. However this is really a “know thy dog” condition. If the dog slips forward of the handler prematurely out of a Front Cross then the handler is behind the dog at the turning jump and so a Blind Cross would have been a better choice of movement.



Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Jokers Notebook, a series of comprehensive training workbooks intended to teach a dog powerful skills of independent performance.

Named Obstacle Discrimination

June 10, 2019

You know, I remember the first time I ever saw a tunnel under an A-frame. It was at the USDAA Nationals in Houston Texas in 1993 on a course designed by Kenneth Tatsch. My boy, Winston the Wonder Dog, took the wrong-course obstacle. <sigh>

I went home determined to solve the riddle of to the “obstacle discrimination”. And frankly, I studied and developed some very reliable handling solutions.

At the end of the day, turns out, it shouldn’t be a matter of handling at all. What if I were to actually teach my dog the names of the obstacles so I didn’t have to handle at all? Instead, I could just give my dog the information and trust in training.

Dog Training Riddle

Having arrived at the wild notion that we will teach the dog the names of the obstacles the dog trainer has to figure out the methodology.

First the Tunnel


We start with the tunnel with the handler blocking approach the A-frame. Give a strong “Tunnel” command and release the dog. Praise and reward, so long as the dog goes in the tunnel.


In very small incremental steps the handler begins each rep slightly farther from the tunnel. This takes the handler out of a blocking position. The training will rely on the very basic training principle; the dog gets praised and rewarded when he gets it right. But when the dog gets it wrong the trainer very neutrally denies both praise and reward.

While the drawings above are nice and neat, I would be remiss not to share some of the painful beginnings of the dog training journey. It’s not all perfect and pretty, to be sure. Keep statistics. Over time the numbers will lift your spirits.

The following video comes from meal-time training.

This video is a bit of a training mix. It illustrates a dogged training approach to our Named obstacle discrimination journey.

Move on to the A-frame


After fairly mastering the tunnel, the same method needs to be applied to the A‑frame. Initially the handler positions the dog directly in front of the A-frame while taking a blocking position on the tunnel.


Again, very gradually move back the starting position so that the tunnel is exposed as a wrong-course option. Be mindful that you only praise and reward successful tries.

Mixing and Random Alternating

Up to a point you concentrate on one obstacle or another. The repetition gives immediate reinforcement. But the dog might be cleverly extracting reward from her trainer. So, before too long you have to ask the question… do you know what it is I’m asking for.


This is a good time to begin keeping statistics on rate of success. You know that if you’re working around the 50% mark you should probably go back to a previous step for remediation. But if that number rises, you know you’re on the right track.

This exercise is a bit like throwing horse shoes. We introduce the approach to the A-frame/tunnel with a jump to establish movement. And then we ask the question… “do you know what I’m asking you to do?”

Increasing Distance

Don’t be too happy and content with simple tests of your training. What you really want to do when training Named Obstacle Discrimination is to test the skill from a fair distance. The whole point of the training was to have confidence in your dog’s understanding of which obstacle to take without the handler being in the middle of the picture micro-managing that performance.


What I would like to do here is stay behind the dotted line while my dog works forward. From a fair distance, I can ask the question… “do you know what I’m asking?”

This exercise has a couple prerequisite skills… notably, left and right.

While Cedar had a successful workout, demonstrated by the video, I am very aware that skills like this need constant reinforcement and refreshment.

Editor’s Note: There were several other recordings of this training series. To present them here would have dragged the story down a bit with the repetitive nature of dog training. That being said, look at these pictures and videos as an overview. It is worthwhile to note, however, that the entire training endeavor took less than three weeks with daily practice.


This was an NDAL league play game back in August of 2015. It’s a distance gamble kind of game. The dog earns bonus points for working the dog at a distance. Obviously, this demands proofing of “Named Obstacle” discrimination.

My boy Kory had a pretty good showing. And I feel no embarrassment that I designed a game for league play that tests a skill that I take pains to teach my dogs.

In retrospect, I’m amazed that Kory could hear my commands with all the barking (my other dogs) in the background.



Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Jokers Notebook, a series of comprehensive training workbooks intended to teach a dog powerful skills of independent performance.

Progressive Sending ~ Exploding Line of Jumps

June 9, 2019

An important early training objective with an agility dog in training is to create powerful obstacle focus for a winged hurdle, commonly called a “Jump”.

To tell the truth the Jump is often overlooked in training. You’ll see novice dogs in competition running around jumps but eagerly veering off-path to get into a pipe tunnel, or park themselves on a contact obstacle. A dog will go where they have a high reward association.

But we are not going to over-look the jump.

In the illustrations I’ve drawn here the young dog is introduced to the “Go On” command using Hoops (an obstacle notably used by NADAC in competition). My expectation is to begin the training with a very young dog… young enough to learn, but not old enough to be jumping. Later we’ll make the transition to jumps with displaceable bars.


The moment you add a second Hoop… you are officially doing “sequencing” with your dog. This is actually an important introduction for the dog to the idea that performances will be a chain of events.

We graduate to two Hoops. The handler begins near to the seconds hoop before starting the dog. Each repetition the handler will start slightly farther back, until the dog is sending forward through both hoops while the handler stays behind.


We start with the hoops placed very close together. In this drawing the hoops are only 3′ apart. Initially the handler will leave the dog on a stay and lead out nearly to the #3 hoop before starting.



Only gradually the handler moves back toward the front of the line of hoops to send the dog forward.

You’ll notice in the video that our dog is very young and not every send has a successful conclusion. The basic training tool is to praise and reward when the dog gets it… a being very neutral, deny praise and reward when the dog does not.

From time to time you might use a “framing” obstacle at the end of the line of hoops or jumps. This is a dandy opportunity to accustom your dog to a progressive send into a pipe tunnel, for example.


Only gradually the hoops should moved apart. And each time they are moved apart the handler will begin forward of the dog near the final hoop. And in each successive repetition the handler will move back down the line until he can make the send from behind the first hoop.

The only reason we’ve been using Hoops is that we were working with a very young dog. If you begin this with training a dog that is already grown and steady, you might begin with jumps. In any case, ta some point, the trainer will have to make a transition from Hoops to Jumps.


Don’t lose sight of methodology. When the basic exercise changes the handler will begin forward of the dog, and only gradually move back toward the front of the line of jumps to send the dog forward.

In a few short months the exercise needs more and more room. That was the intention from the beginning. We want to teach the dog powerful obstacle focus for jumps and give the dog permission to go forward of the handler in the performance.

While we have not in this forum shared every grizzly moment of training, we’ve shown just enough to demonstrate that it is a continuity and a discipline.

In this video the dog trainer was clearly happy with his dog pleased with himself for his work. keep in mind that this is a basic skill that needs to be refreshed over the dog’s active career in agility.


This blog post is dedicated to my small but enthusiastic Beginners class (Tuesday nights!). I’ve described this training exercise to them. A far better training tool is to provide them with pictures.

Dog Trainer

While engaged in this training the handler should exercise very basic dog training discipline.

  1. Focus on that thing you’re teaching:  Go On! This means that the dog should continue working forward.
  2. Have a good marker for performance. Use a clicker! Or, give a good verbal marker… “What a good boy!”
  3. Always reward a successful performance. This could be a food reward and it might be a game with a toy.
  4. If the dog fails you should back down on the escalation of the exercise. This might mean the hoops should be closer together; or the handler’s starting position should be farther forward.

Training Notes

  • The handler does the most significant “pointing” with his toes. When sending the dog straight away the handler should keep his toes pointed in the direction of the end obstacle. The most common error in these exercises will be the handler who not only turns in the wrong direction as the dog moves away, but actually moves at an angle away from the dog’s path.
  • The objective of the exercise described here is to teach the dog “Go On”, which means to continue working in the same direction. USE THE COMMAND to condition the dog to its meaning. the handler can’t teach the command to the dog if he doesn’t actually use it.
  • Discourage the use of an obedience command after successful completion of the sequence. This introduces a basic confusion in the dog’s mind. What is the reward for, doing the sequence, or responding to a recall?
  • the handler should begin with the dog on side (either side) facing in the direction of the send. The handler might take one or two steps only to straighten the line. As soon as possible the dog must be allowed to move forward. It’s a big error to run forward of the dog, and then slam on the brakes expecting the dog to continue working.



Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Jokers Notebook, a series of comprehensive training workbooks intended to teach a dog powerful skills of independent performance.

More Lateral Distance Skills

June 8, 2019

I’m working at rebuilding the Joker’s Notebook. The Notebook is a comprehensive reference for teaching an agility dog to work at a distance without micromanagement.

The Notebook contains a trove of methodologies I’ve designed and documented over three decades. I’d like to improve the Notebook using video to demonstrate the various methods. Most people are visual learners anyway. If I get the design right; the reader won’t have to translate my writing… they’ll have pictures[1].

The organization of the Joker’s Notebook foundation issue needs a central checklist of important foundation skills. That checklist will include links to all of the supporting videos, documentation, and discussion.

I’m faced with a technology issue. Out of my blog the video links spawn to YouTube. The PDF for the finished document should have embedded videos that do not require internet access. I’m studying how to do that. Bear with.

In the next few months I will be organizing material for the Foundation issue right here in my blog. Pardon me if I focus on skills and exercises for my Beginner students. They need both direction and clarity.


Lateral on A-frame

In all lateral distance training the basic methodology is for the handler to work farther and farther from the dog at a lateral distance. This video shows our boy Phoenix getting a good workout with the A-frame.

Marsha’s criteria required Phoenix to hold a finish position until released, even as she moved. She was consistent in holding to that objective.


Lateral on dogwalk

In these sequences Marsha is working with two of our dogs, Katniss and Phoenix.

An interesting riddle when doing work with the dogwalk is to find a “flow” or sequence that introduces a square approach to the dogwalk allowing the handler to establish and hold a lateral path at a distance.


End Notes

In the introduction to this topic ( I closed the discussion with this cryptic sentence:

It’s worth noting that Kory was trained to his independent performance skills.

It strikes me that I avoided stating the obvious. The agility skills that we desire in our dogs have to be taught. That means the dog’s trainer must intentionally establish a training goal and then define methodology accomplish the goal.

And then the hard part… the trainer must to go out and do the work, with premeditation, methodology and criteria, and patience and humor. It’s not really very hard work, giving a dog five minutes a day. It’s a small chore that needs your discipline and commitment.

I’ve taken to saying a rude but honest thing to my few clients and students these days. I say; If you want your dog to have this skill, you have to do the training. If you don’t do the training your dog will not own the skill, and you won’t deserve for your dog to own it.



Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Jokers Notebook, a series of comprehensive training workbooks intended to teach a dog powerful skills of independent performance.

[1] On the down side, in some of the video’s I’ve taken over the years I might be in my morning robe or bed-clothes, having dragged myself down to feed and train my dogs while still having my morning coffee.


Teaching Lateral Distance Skills

June 6, 2019

You know in dog agility “Distance Work” is really a misnomer and a miscomprehension. You seek in your training to teach independent performance. That means that the dog knows how to do an obstacle without the fussy-fussy micromanagement of the handler.

An important skill for the dog to learn is the performance of the technical obstacles while the handler works at a significant lateral distance.

For the sake of clarity and definition, the “technical obstacles” are the contacts and the weave poles.

Lateral Training for the Teeter

The teeter can be a formidable obstacle to teach a dog to understand without the handler getting all tangled up in the context of presentation and performance. Overcoming initial fear of movement and clatter can be a notorious complication to the training objective.

In all lateral distance training the basic methodology is for the handler to work farther and farther from the dog at a lateral distance.

An Intro Example

In this YouTube video a young dog is introduced to the training steps. Note that this video is not full of instant success. That’s not the way it works in the real world (unless the dog is a mutant, as some are):

You’ll note in the video that the handler even at a distance has a gravitational attraction to the dog. The handler might play with running forward to keep the dog working straight. But this beguilement might convince the handler of success, even though the dog is still on the gravitational tether.

An Example with a More Experienced Dog

Lateral distance exercises belong to the foundation training for a dog. But foundation should be reinforced over time

Our more experience dog was pretty solid in the video. Note that the dog trainer incorporates other skills into the basic lateral-distance-training objective. The handler uses a Back Pass to sling shot the dog; and sending the dog forward to jump.

An Example with a Crazy Red-Headed Dog

Dogs whose brains are constantly exploding from exuberance can be a training challenge, even when they have heaps of experience. But even the crazy red-headed dog needs basic reinforcement of skills, possible more so than a steady-betty kind of dog.

You’ll note with dogs that work for food the “reward” is but an eye-blink. When using a toy reward, however, the dog’s trainer might have significant interruptions between reps, especially when the dog has a robust playful agenda for the toy.

Proofing the Skill

In NDAL league play this month, we are playing a game called Time Warp. The course looks like this:


In this game, the dog earns a bonus for the performance of the teeter at a lateral distance to the handler. Indeed, the handler must be on the other side of the dogwalk to earn the bonus.

I will use our league courses to design training objectives for my own dogs. And in this case, as I was the game designer, the design of the course dove-tailed very nicely with my immediate training objectives.

Following is a YouTube video of my old boy Kory who has amazing independent performance skills running this course:

It’s worth noting that Kory was trained to his independent performance skills.



Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Jokers Notebook, a series of comprehensive training workbooks intended to teach a dog powerful skills of independent performance.

NDAL 60×90 Masters @ Country Dream

May 10, 2019

Each week we set up a different NDAL course, participating in four different leagues each month in closely nested courses.


Week one we played the NDAL 60×90 Masters. These are our results.

Fname DogsCName Flts Time Score YouTube
Bud Kory 0 31.87 31.87
Bud Katniss 0 38.03 38.03
Bud Cedar 0 42.47 42.47
Bud Phoenix 0 42.5 42.5
Bud Pip 0 45.73 45.73
Nathan Piper 15 40.17 55.17
Liza Rae 15 62.2 77.2

Country Dream is in second place in the Spring series for this league. The league has seven teams, and something over 100 dogs playing. You can see the results for the entire league posted for April here:

Beginning on Monday next we’ll be playing the 50×70 Fast & Fun league course, and the 54×70 Games league, a game called “Tunnel Jacks”.

You can preview all of May’s league courses and games here:

We have a Novice class on Tuesday nights. We’re working very hard to train up the next generation of league players. With our handful of League players we compete with clubs that have teams of 25 and 30 dogs.

FYI, a team score is comprised from the top 5 scores that a club reports.

BLOG 1408 Home

Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Book of Agility Games, a comprehensive reference to all manner of agility games played for competition and fun around the world.

The Murder of a Beautiful Theory by a Gang of Brutal Facts

May 8, 2019

Donald Trump will win the 2020 election for President of the United States. While the Blue Wave carried the House of Representatives to Democratic control, it is an emasculated legislative body. And the Blue Wave is an imperfect harbinger of prospects for the 2020 election.

Republican voters fit onto their heads a MAGA hat in spirit of their cherished tribe and union sacrée as a gesture of optimism, and hope for reaffirmed destiny. But they have been fooled into supporting those who most deeply betray them. I don’t presume to blame it all on the Republicans who have been the chief sponsors of policy that screws the average American. Money handily buys Democrats with equal finality.

Our country, our Democracy, our nation of constitutional law has been taken over by the ultra-rich, the “military-industrial complex” that Eisenhower warned about. The once great American middle class has been betrayed; those we have elected to represent us have not been serving us… they’ve been serving their rich industrial masters. They feast on the carcass of the American middle class.

I could make a long list of how the American middle-class has been betrayed by our Republican leadership. But let me share one little bit with you.

Ronald Reagan changed the accounting rules for retirement funds. He removed the exemption for corporate retirement plan to be safe from liquidation in bankruptcy. So, when the bankruptcy trustee obtains control over all of the business’s assets and: liquidates these assets to pay creditors the Retirement Plan is no longer guaranteed to the employees who worked their whole lives for that promise.

Taking it another step… a Pharmaceutical company in Connecticut decides to move their manufacturing to China. Corporate lawyers split the corporate entity into different buckets. The profitable bucket goes over to China (who, by the way, demands ownership of the technology); the unprofitable bit, owning the corporate Retirement Plan, goes bankrupt… and screws all of their former employees out of their retirements.

The Argument for Trump Winning

Argument 1 ~ It’s the economy, stupid! A chief indicator of who will win Presidential election has reliably been the effectiveness of the economy. It is true that we have nearly record employment. The sad truth is that of every 10 jobs created in the past two years, six of them do not yield a living wage (less than $30K/year). And two of them yield a salary of $90K+, which is the province of the highly educated and stilled worker. That leaves a narrow sliver for “middle class”.

Argument 2 ~ Dark money in politics will provide overwhelming advantage to the politicians that serve their ultra-rich masters. The Supreme Court has ruled that “Corporations are People Too”; which ensures that the ultra-rich can buy the representation that attends to their needs.

Argument 3 ~ Propaganda will provide broad misinformation and misdirection. When Ronald Reagan overturned the “Fairness Doctrine” he threw open the doors to partisan-political propaganda. He made possible Fox News. The most apt description of Fox was made by Colonel Peters, a longtime analyst for Fox News who left the network, saying that he could not “in good conscience” remain with an organization that, he argued, “is now wittingly harming our system of government for profit. In my view, Fox has degenerated from providing a legitimate and much-needed outlet for conservative voices to a mere propaganda machine for a destructive and ethically ruinous administration”

Argument 4 ~ Our constitution is broken. The Executive and the Judicial branches and half of the Legislative of our government have been taken over by the Republican party, servants of the ultra-rich. They will continue to subvert any legal or legislative measure to protect American people and hold accountable criminal acts against American Democracy.

Argument 5 ~ Subversion of voting rights is a powerful and ongoing problem. Gerrymandered voting districts, purging of voter registrations, removing voting resources, disenfranchisement laws, physical intimidation at voting sites are all tools that are being used by the Republicans. Legal challenges are being subverted by a Judiciary that has been populated by so-called conservative judges. (“so-called” because, they aren’t “conservative” at all. They too serve their corporate masters.)

Argument 6 ~ Meddling by foreign powers will continue. The Russian attack on our Democracy that was so effective in 2016 will continue with great vigor and enthusiasm. Other players like China and South Korea will get in the act. Our President has refused to bring Putin to task for his masterminding the social media attack on our country. Indeed, Trump has done everything he can to subvert our capability to prevent the same from happening in 2020.

Argument 7 ~ The Electoral College will over-ride the popular vote. In 2016 Trump won the Presidential election but lost the popular vote by significant margin. The Electoral College was established by our crafty forefathers who anticipated that the landed gentry might lose control of the country to the rabble.

A Fat Chance for the Optimist

Donald Trump has so been so completely incompetent and destructive to American institutions that a new generation of leadership has emerged; almost exclusively in the Democratic party. These people, a curious mix of young and old, promote a radical departure from the “business as usual” politics that has dominated government in this country at least since the days of pappy Bush.

Almost everything this radical new generation promotes will be decried as “Socialism” by the Republican party, in service to the ultra-rich who now own our country. For example: affordable health care, investment in education, equal pay for equal work, improving infrastructure, getting dark money out of politics, making everyone pay their share of taxes, and protecting our environment. These policies will be stalwartly opposed by the Republicans.

Our rich masters intend to pay for nothing. They are the masters of the universe.

The only hope for Democracy is for us to take back control of our country by the exercise of our right to vote.




“.. we can best understand the furies of war and politics by remembering that almost the whole of each party believes absolutely in its picture of the opposition, that it takes as fact, not what is, but what it supposes to be the fact.


BLOG 1407 Home

Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Book of Agility Games, a comprehensive reference to all manner of agility games played for competition and fun around the world.

A Moment in Amber

March 31, 2019

The National Dog Agility League is an ongoing project and passion for me these days. I want to pause a moment and share a bit of a vision statement.

A one-dimensional view of the NDAL is our ongoing league play. Each month we have a couple dozen clubs, mostly in North America, that engage in four separate competitions. The courses are closely nested so a club can compete in more than one without a lot of equipment movement. Results for these competitions are all rolled up together as a single competition. Most of these results are graced with a link to a YouTube recording so that we can all watch how other dogs and handlers solved these games and courses.

A Larger View

Recording is a time-consuming manual task. I serve as the NDAL Secretary which means that I give up a couple night’s sleep each month to report results and standings for the ongoing leagues.

But, don’t you know, the games we play and the courses we run have been set up as “open” competitions. That means I can rerun a course that was run a year ago… or ten years ago, and add my new results to that competition… including a YouTube recording.

This makes the NDAL game an interesting training tool. An instructor can compare student performances for a year or two ago, to their performances now, and get a good insight into how the skill of the handler and the training of the dog have improved.

With your young dog, you might compete with a dog you loved and worked with 15 or 20 years ago… and watch the recordings of both dogs, side-by-side.

We ran an agility league at Dogwood Training Center, up near Columbus, OH for about eight years. My boys Bogie & Birdie, and several other dogs from my household competed in that league. And, today I don’t have a scrap of recollection aside from my faulty memory to revisit those hundreds of moments of agility play. I have copies of the games and courses we played; but beyond that, not even our scores.

A Future Vision

I intend to put the NDAL catalog of games and courses online, so a person can download a course or game, and score-keeping worksheet. Then they can play the game or run the course, and then join their dogs’ scores to all the scores of all the dog that ever played it. Hopefully the new performance will be graced with a link to a YouTube recording.

For this job we need the services of a skillful programmer analyst who can create the necessary Internet tools and front-end interfaces to make it work.

Be very clear there’s not a big pot of money to compensate a programmer. A more compelling notion would be to establish a partnership share for original development and for on-going support.

That being said, this is not an endeavor intended to “make a lot of money”. We will establish upper limits to income for employees to the NDAL. The NDAL is already painfully inexpensive. But if the NDAL performed at $40K a month (don’t laugh… it’s possible); then a significant chunk of the gross should be returned to established franchises or, more realistically, reduction of cost.


Presently cost of playing in the NDAL can be summarized as:

  • Dog Registration ~ $10 for a dog. Only paid once, when the dog first competes in the NDAL
  • Recording Fee ~ $1 per run.

Performance Standard and Scoring Basis

The rules for performance in the NDAL are dramatically different than the accepted International standard. International really sucks, if you think about it. Any error is an “E” and the team must slink away in ignominious defeat.

What we do instead is give a 5-point fault to just about everything that might happen: dropped bar; wrong course; missed contact; weave pole fault… and so forth. 20 faults for failure to perform an obstacle. This allows a basic granularity for comparing performance.

And… the scoring basis is Time, Plus Faults. This is, you’ll recognize, the opposite of the Faults, Then Time scoring basis. And if you really think about it… a dog that runs a course in 48 seconds and misses a down-side contact by a half an inch really should not get a score inferior to the dog that ran the same course 20 seconds slower, without a performance fault.

The League Play Team

A League Play Team score in the NDAL is comprised from the top five scores for each franchise for the competition. A dog earns Lifetime Performance Points (LPP) which equals the number of dogs with an inferior score. So, if the game had 101 dogs playing, the first-place dog would earn 100 points; the second-place dog 99 points, and so forth.

It’s a tougher system than it sounds like. A club with only 7 or 8 players might be competing with a franchise that runs 50 or 60 dogs each month. Statistically, the bigger club has advantage.

Lifetime Performance Points

The notion of a game or course being a “historical artifact” makes the LPP earned by a dog an elastic number. For example, if you decide you want to run a course that was played five years ago. There are 200 performances recorded for that course. Let’s say that your dog comes in at 100th place. That means your dog will earn 100 Lifetime Performance Points (LPP).

The interesting thing is… the 99 dogs that had a superior score will advance their LPP by one point, because of the new score you have added. That means dogs that mightn’t even be alive will have an accrued LPP that will continue to grow over time.


Part of the score-keeping includes a field for a YouTube link. While we are running each competition around the country (and around the world) the performances of most dogs are graced with a recording of that minute in the ring. It’s marvelous to watch how different dog and handlers approached solving the riddle of a course.


The four leagues we run each month in the NDAL are based on the size of working space. The largest space is 60′ x 90′. And in this, we run the 60×90 Masters league. Each league has a theme that sets the intended level of challenge. Our leagues are:

  • 54×70 Games
  • 50×70 Fast & Fun
  • 60×90 Masters
  • 36×85 Fast & Fun

The NDAL is open to new leagues with more diverse footprint and level of challenge. For example, it’s only a matter of time before we have a 10K league (100′ x 100′).

For awhile we had a 50′ x 50′ International league. But it went away because the club for which we created it went away. And anyhow, International challenges are about as much fun as sticking sticks in your eye. [Just saying].

Follow Us



BLOG1393 Home/NDAL

Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Book of Agility Games, a comprehensive reference to all manner of agility games played for competition and fun around the world.

Snooklers :: Games of the 2019 Petit Prix

January 3, 2019

Designing a Snooklers course can be a challenge to the course designer. A Snooker course is bad enough. But in Snooklers rather than using red hurdles the designer will use distance challenge: [ergo Snooker/Gamblers, or Snooklers.]

These distance challenges should be modest in nature. A tough distance challenge might skunk half the class in USDAA’s Gamblers or in the AKC’s FAST class… and so we should NOT have three distance challenges, each of which invite the proverbial skunk.

I’ll share with you a sample design for this class. I’m assuming TDAA equipment and spacing, on a field that measures 60′ by 70′.


What strikes me immediately about this class is that the designer and judge must explain the distance challenges in the written briefing. Clarity should not be left to the verbal briefing. I will attempt to describe the three distance challenges in this sample course:

  • Red #1/2 ~ This gamble consists of two jumps only. From the front of the ring it can be taken as 1a to 1b or as 2a to 2b.

    While this distance challenge was originally designed to be taken from the front of the ring only, I decided that design would constrain the number of possible solutions to the game. So, I added a line at the back, making this distance challenge bi-directional. From the back, the distance challenge can be taken 1b to 1a or from 2b to 2a.

  • Red #3 ~ Send the dog into the pipe tunnel from behind one of the surrounding containment lines. #3 is bi-directional.

    While the handler must be behind the containment line, the dog is not required to originate from behind that line. For example, the dog might make the approach to the tunnel from the dogwalk.  If the handler can turn the dog from the dogwalk and into the tunnel—while the handler is on the other side of a containment line—then the dog can turn neat into the tunnel and satisfy the distance challenge.

  • Red #4 ~ Send the dog from jump to tire from behind the line. This distance challenge is also bi-directional; and from the opposite direction the challenge is from tire to jump while the handler remains behind the containment line.

Other performance issues should be addressed in the briefing. For example, on this course the judge might stipulate:

  • All obstacles are bi-directional in the opening excepting #6, a combination obstacle, which must be taken as numbered.
  • All obstacles must be taken as numbered in the closing excepting #2, which is bi-directional.

The Briefing

Modeled after Snooker the written briefing for Snooklers is likely to run a couple pages of dense prose. While there are a lot of Snooker players in the world that only need a couple lines of explanation, the novice Snooker/Snooklers player might very well need the dense text.

Rather than sharing with you the mind-numbing intro to the game, I will show my old “Candy Store” briefing (adapted for this variation of the game):

Candy Store Coupon (Snooklers) Briefing

You’ve been given three coupons for free candy at a chain-store. Only one coupon can be redeemed at any store. Being a clever devil, you decide to visit a different store to redeem each coupon. The three red distance challenges on the course allow you to present the coupons for candy.

If your dog cleanly performs the distance challenge, that means the cashier accepted your coupon. You get to redeem the coupon! There are six different candies in the store, each having a different value, from 2 points to 7 points. You can get any one you want (even the same candy for each different coupon!) You are entitled only to one box of candy only. If you get more than one, they’ll call the police on you. Your game will be over (and you head to the exit).

If your dog faults the distance challenge, that means the clerk tore up your coupon, and you need to go to a different store. If you go out and get a box of candy anyway, they’ll call the police on you. Your game will be over (and you head to the exit).

After redeeming, or attempting to redeem all three coupons, you decide you love the candies and so you will go into the store and buy them all! You’ll pick them up in order, starting with #2 and finishing with #7. If in your haste you break one of the candies (fault an obstacle) your game will be over at that point (and you head to the exit).


Setting the Qualifying Course Time

As a general rule of thumb a little extra time should be accorded for each technical obstacle. The same rule might be applied an any distance challenge. This Snookler’s course will require a longish QCT. The course designer/judge might measure a modest strategy and base course time on that estimation.

For this game, consider something like this:

  • GI small 75 sec ~ tall 70 sec
  • GII small 70 sec ~ tall 65 sec
  • GIII small 65 sec ~ tall 60 sec

At the Petit Prix we’ll use the GIII times only, as all games and courses are judged using Superior rules for performance and rates of travel.

Qualifying, however, might be more generous to the lower levels than the requirements typically used for Snooker, mostly because of the distance challenges. Consider a schedule like this:

  • GI 31 points
  • GII 34 points
  • GIII 37 points

Designing Snooklers ~ A Found Poem

One of the biggest errors course designers make with games like this is failing to nest the game with courses that run before or after. Un-nested courses tend to add 30 minutes to an hour to the length of the competition day.

A better approach: study the adjoining standard course or game and “find” the game, with minimal equipment movement. This requires some mental gymnastics. But it’s better for the course designer to sweat and fret for an hour than to demand that all the exhibitors endure the long wait between courses that aren’t adequately nested.

The sample Snooklers course I’ve used here is based very literally on this sample TDAA Standard course:


The course designer should resist the temptation to remove the contact obstacles to find the Snooklers or Snooker course. Hauling contact equipment in and out of the ring by definition is a time-consuming and tedious chore.

On this course we removed the weave poles, a couple jumps, and all the number cones… making the transition between classes something on the order of five minutes.



Questions comments & impassioned speesches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Book of Agility Games, a comprehensive reference to all manner of agility games played for competition and fun around the world.

A Quick Lesson in Fast Dog Handling

December 10, 2018

This is a JWW run taken by Laurie Moe and Cleo.

Cleo JWW

She started the run with an awesome dead-away send down a straight line of jumps into a pipe tunnel. This was right out of the homework we did for a distance seminar a few months ago.


Laurie’s solution for #9 to #12 was to do a layered Front Cross on the landing side of jump #10. Unfortunately, Cleo didn’t “feel” the line, and curled back to the handler’s position after jump #11, surely earning a refusal at jump #12.

Indeed, Cleo ran past the true turning point for a square approach to jump #10, and somewhat spoiled the straight-line send.

Sometimes the shape of the dog’s path suggested by the set of equipment is a complete illusion. #10 to #12 looks very much like a straight line. Right? Well, that’s the illusion. Consider the next picture.


Given the trajectory of the dog’s approach to jump #10, after the dismount of #9, the dog’s path is more logically a “Z” shape, or certainly serpentine. Rather than fighting against the true shape, you should use it to advantage.

You probably could have done the Front Cross after jump #10, as planned. To find the corners and lines of the “Z” the corner of the turn should have drawn the dog more to the left. But the evil judge as plunked a completely gratuitous dummy jump in that bit of space, surely offering a wrong course option to the dog.

So, let’s try it as “Fast Dog Handling”.


Rather than a Front Cross the handler will keep the dog on Post from jump #9 to #11. The threat of the wrong course option at the gratuitous dummy jump remains.

But the crafty handler will allow the corner after jump #10 to be a bit shallow. And then, after jump #11 will draw the dog more to the right and cross behind the dog after that jump (a Tandem Turn). The cross should be timed and placed to set a corner that will neatly line up jumps #12 and #13.

You should practice this in your training center, so that you own it in competition.

A Name for your Next Dog

Laurie, your next dog should be named “Curly Joe”, so that when you step up to the line the announcer will say; “This is Laurie Moe and Curly Joe!”

BLOG1369 Home

Questions comments & impassioned speeches to Bud Houston Visit our web store: You’ll find in the web store The Book of Agility Games, a comprehensive reference to all manner of agility games played for competition and fun around the world.